Loading

Ketik untuk mencari

Eropa

Menyoal Seremonial Peringatan ‘Perebutan Konstantinopel’ yang Digagas Erdogan: Turki Ingin Kenang Penaklukan atau Pendudukan?

52564_118_1553726376060.jpg

POROS PERLAWANAN – Pada peringatan ke-567 perebutan Konstantinopel dan perubahan namanya menjadi Astana, Islambol dan kemudian ke Istanbul, pemerintahan Partai Keadilan dan Pembangunan melakukan seremonial yang belum pernah dilakukan sebelumnya, di bawah pengawasan Presiden Turki, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Seperti Jumat lalu, ia membacakan Surah al-Fath di dalam “Hagia Sophia” yang dibangun oleh Bizantium sebagai gereja, lalu Sultan Mehmed sang Penakluk mengubahnya menjadi masjid, kemudian Mustafa Kemal Ataturk mengubahnya menjadi museum, dan tetap demikian hingga hari ini.

Erdogan sering mengulangi niatnya untuk mengembalikan “Hagia Sophia” menjadi inklusif, tetapi ia memahami bahwa langkah semacam itu tidak mudah mengingat sensitivitas antara Muslim Turki dan Kristen Eropa, terutama Yunani, yang berada di bawah Konstantinopel, terutama karena munculnya negara Bizantium setelah pemisahannya dari Kekaisaran Romawi.

Tiap 29 Mei, Turki merayakan “Penaklukan Konstantinopel”. Namun perayaan itu tidak di bawah sponsor resmi Pemerintah, hanya disponsori partai-partai Islam, terutama partai Necmettin Erbakan.

Berbeda dengan tahun ini, perayaan dilangsungkan secara resmi dan besar, perangkat visual terpasang di dinding “Hagia Sophia”, yang mencerminkan bagaimana tentara Mehmed Sang Penakluk berhasil menghancurkan dinding Konstantinopel, memasuki kota, dan menghunuskan pedang dalam menghadapi “orang-orang kafir”, serta menyanyikan lagu dan pawai Ottoman. Perayaan memuncak dengan pembacaan Surah Al-Fath di gereja sebelumnya, juga menampilkan sebuah video Presiden Republik Turki yang menggambarkan peradaban Bizantium sebagai peradaban hitam.

Peristiwa itu luar biasa bagi Erdogan, yang manahbiskan diri sebagai Brigade Ottoman baru dan mencapai beberapa keberhasilan, di antaranya memiliki pusat dan pangkalan di Irak utara, menduduki sebagian besar Suriah, serta membuat kemajuan militer di Libya berkoalisi dengan pemerintah Fayez al-Sarraj, menghadapi Jenderal Khalifa Haftar yang didukung oleh Mesir, Uni Emirat Arab dan Arab Saudi.

Peringatan Kostantinopel ini menjadi simbol fanatisme Turki yang telah mencapai titik tertentu. Sehingga Zaki Qureshun, penulis surat kabar pro-Erdogan Yeni Shafak, menyamakan penaklukan Istanbul dengan pembukaan Mekah.

“Penaklukan Istanbul tidak kalah pentingnya dengan penaklukan Mekah,” katanya. “Penaklukan Mekah untuk pemindahan Islam di tangan Rasul menjadi universal, dan penaklukan Istanbul menyebabkan revolusi peradaban Islam.”

Sementara pemimpin redaksi Yeni Shafak, Ibrahim Karah Gul, menuliskan kemarahannya yang diarahkan pada kekuatan anti-Turki, timur dan barat yang ingin menahan Turki, serta menggunakan kata “masjid” pada “Hagia Sophia”.

Di sisi lain, penulis sekuler Erdal Atapk menulis di My Republic, bahwa “Muhammad al-Fatih menempati tempat khusus dalam sejarah Ottoman, dan Istanbul membuka episode penting dalam sejarah dunia. Tetapi ketahuilah, pada saat Ottoman mengambil Konstantinopel, Eropa sedang memasuki Renaissance di mana ada lebih dari 50 universitas, dan astronom terkenal dan fisikawan Gallilee sebagai profesor matematika di Universitas Pisa. Eropa mengakhiri era teokrasi dan memasuki era humaniora, kebebasan, akal, sains dan seni. Alkitab diterjemahkan dari bahasa Latin ke bahasa Prancis, Inggris, dan Jerman. Dan pers Gutenberg muncul.”

“Adapun Kekaisaran Ottoman berada di luar segala sesuatu yang terjadi di Eropa, dan tidak menyaksikan gerakan pembaruan apa pun. Pers saja baru masuk tahun 1730. Turki bahkan melarang penerjemahan Al-Quran, hanya boleh membaca dalam bahasa Arab. Al-Quran diterjemahkan atas perintah Ataturk. Jadi, sejarah mana yang sedang ingin dikenang oleh Turki?” pungkas Erdal Atapk.

Tags:

48 Komentar

  1. Ruben Juni 8, 2021

    Howdy! This post couldn’t be written much better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He always kept preaching about this. I will send this post to him.
    Pretty sure he will have a very good read. Many thanks
    for sharing!

    Balas
  2. Anh Juni 9, 2021

    We stumbled over here from a different web page and thought I might as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward
    to finding out about your web page yet again.

    Balas
  3. I do not even know the way I stopped up right here, but I believed this put up was once great.
    I don’t recognise who you’re however definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you happen to
    are not already. Cheers!

    Feel free to visit my web page https://lysto-forum.tue-image.nl/index.php?action=profile;u=152861

    Balas
  4. Hi I am so happy I found your blog page, I really found you by error, while I
    was searching on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I
    am here now and would just like to say cheers for a tremendous post and a all
    round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through
    it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please
    do keep up the excellent job.

    Also visit my web blog … https://bbs.yunweishidai.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1268897

    Balas
  5. clubriders.men Juni 9, 2021

    This article offers clear idea in support of the new visitors of blogging, that actually how to do blogging.

    Feel free to surf to my site … clubriders.men

    Balas
  6. www.fotosombra.com.br Juni 9, 2021

    Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that.
    And he just bought me lunch because I found it for him
    smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

    my web site … http://www.fotosombra.com.br

    Balas
  7. Hi there to all, for the reason that I am actually eager of reading this web site’s post to be updated regularly.
    It contains fastidious data.

    Feel free to visit my web page http://usedtiresbrowardcounty.com/

    Balas
  8. www.engelliler.biz.tr Juni 9, 2021

    We are a bunch of volunteers and opening a new
    scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable
    information to work on. You’ve done a formidable process and our whole community can be grateful to you.

    Also visit my site; http://www.engelliler.biz.tr

    Balas
  9. kannikar.com Juni 9, 2021

    Hello very nice site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing ..
    I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally…I am happy to find numerous helpful info here
    within the put up, we need develop extra strategies
    in this regard, thanks for sharing.

    My web page: kannikar.com

    Balas
  10. kebe.top Juni 10, 2021

    I saw a lot of website but I think this one contains something special in it.

    my web site: kebe.top

    Balas
  11. haojiafu.net Juni 10, 2021

    I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought
    this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly
    you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

    Feel free to visit my web blog – haojiafu.net

    Balas
  12. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your
    post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Does one offer
    guest writers to write content for you personally? I wouldn’t mind creating a post
    or elaborating on many of the subjects you write about here.
    Again, awesome blog!

    Here is my webpage: http://frun-test.sakura.ne.jp

    Balas
  13. mpc-install.com Juni 11, 2021

    I very happy to find this web site on bing, just what I was looking
    for 😀 likewise saved to my bookmarks.

    my web page – mpc-install.com

    Balas
  14. tanhua666.com Juni 11, 2021

    This paragraph gives clear idea in favor of the new viewers of blogging, that really how to
    do blogging.

    Feel free to visit my homepage tanhua666.com

    Balas
  15. quanfff.com Juni 11, 2021

    Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Finding the time and
    actual effort to create a great article? but what can I say?

    I procrastinate a lot and never manage to get anything done.

    Review my webpage: quanfff.com

    Balas
  16. I have been examinating out some of your stories
    and i can state pretty clever stuff. I will surely bookmark your blog.

    Check out my blog post http://chengdian.cc/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=100915

    Balas
  17. clubriders.men Juni 11, 2021

    I’m not sure exactly why but this web site is loading
    incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a
    issue on my end? I’ll check back later on and see
    if the problem still exists.

    Here is my page :: clubriders.men

    Balas
  18. www.atomy123.com Juni 12, 2021

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts on testosterone booster.
    Regards

    Feel free to visit my webpage :: http://www.atomy123.com

    Balas
  19. clubriders.men Juni 13, 2021

    Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the web the
    easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed
    while people think about worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect ,
    people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.
    Thanks

    my page; clubriders.men

    Balas
  20. Well I truly liked reading it. This post procured by you
    is very useful for accurate planning.

    my web-site … http://haojiafu.net/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=850919

    Balas
  21. www.1stanapa.ru Juni 15, 2021

    I too conceive so, perfectly composed post!

    my web page http://www.1stanapa.ru

    Balas
  22. Yeah bookmaking this wasn’t a high risk decision outstanding post!

    My webpage – https://www.tasknight.com/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=1405

    Balas
  23. mpc-install.com Juni 16, 2021

    I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I
    am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such
    detailed about my trouble. You’re incredible!
    Thanks!

    Also visit my page: mpc-install.com

    Balas
  24. I am delighted that I noticed this blog, exactly the
    right info that I was looking for!

    my blog; http://www.consulenzaleonardo.com

    Balas
  25. returngain.com Juni 16, 2021

    I am always browsing online for posts that can help me.
    Thanks!

    My homepage returngain.com

    Balas
  26. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?

    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Cheers

    My site; sheriffptacentral.co.za

    Balas
  27. fyfc.net Juni 16, 2021

    Hello, yes this post is truly nice and I have learned lot of things from it on the
    topic of blogging. thanks.

    Also visit my webpage: fyfc.net

    Balas
  28. Hulda Juni 16, 2021

    fantastic post, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of this
    sector don’t notice this. You should proceed your writing. I’m sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

    Feel free to visit my blog post Hulda

    Balas
  29. https://kebe.top/ Juni 16, 2021

    I could not resist commenting. Well written!

    my web page; https://kebe.top/

    Balas
  30. pansionat.com.ru Juni 16, 2021

    These are really enormous ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some nice points here. Any way keep up wrinting.

    Here is my web blog; pansionat.com.ru

    Balas
  31. mpc-install.com Juni 16, 2021

    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it
    helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped
    me.

    my site; mpc-install.com

    Balas
  32. shihan.com.ru Juni 17, 2021

    I read this paragraph completely about the difference of
    most up-to-date and preceding technologies, it’s awesome article.

    Have a look at my page … shihan.com.ru

    Balas
  33. Excellent article! We are linking to this particularly great content on our website.
    Keep up the great writing.

    Also visit my page http://www.aniene.net/modules.php?name=Your_Account&op=userinfo&username=HannahEmely

    Balas
  34. http://benjamindinh.fr Juni 19, 2021

    Thank you for sharing with us, I believe this website genuinely stands out :
    D.

    my web site :: http://benjamindinh.fr

    Balas
  35. mpc-install.com Juni 19, 2021

    Hello, after reading this amazing paragraph i am as well delighted to share my know-how
    here with friends.

    Stop by my webpage … mpc-install.com

    Balas
  36. http://kannikar.com/ Juni 20, 2021

    This is a very good tip particularly to those
    fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise information…
    Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read article!

    Check out my page – http://kannikar.com/

    Balas
  37. kebe.top Juni 21, 2021

    I really like what you guys are usually up too. This type of clever work and
    exposure! Keep up the very good works guys I’ve added you guys to my blogroll.

    Here is my homepage kebe.top

    Balas
  38. mpc-install.com Juni 22, 2021

    You could definitely see your skills within the paintings you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid
    to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

    Also visit my blog post … mpc-install.com

    Balas
  39. Prima Fresh Keto Juni 22, 2021

    I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.

    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?

    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is
    rare to see a great blog like this one today.

    Stop by my web-site; Prima Fresh Keto

    Balas
  40. Kodo Detox Patch Juni 23, 2021

    Good site you’ve got here.. It?s difficult to find quality writing like yours these days.
    I truly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

    Check out my homepage – Kodo Detox Patch

    Balas
  41. duna-anapa.net.ru Juni 23, 2021

    Keep on writing, great job!

    My blog; duna-anapa.net.ru

    Balas
  42. mpc-install.com Juni 24, 2021

    Wow that was odd. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t
    show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow,
    just wanted to say fantastic blog!

    my web page; mpc-install.com

    Balas
  43. Claritox Juni 25, 2021

    I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored subject
    matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over
    that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot
    often inside case you shield this hike.

    my homepage :: Claritox

    Balas
  44. www.craksracing.com Juli 1, 2021

    Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a
    great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and
    will often come back at some point. I want to encourage continue your great posts, have a nice weekend!

    Also visit my homepage … http://www.craksracing.com

    Balas
  45. Divine Dynamic Keto Juli 1, 2021

    Hello. Great job. I did not expect this. This is a
    remarkable story. Thanks!

    My blog – Divine Dynamic Keto

    Balas
  46. Beach towel Juli 5, 2021

    Really informative blog post.Thanks Again. Want more.

    Balas
  47. Ha Harell Juli 16, 2021

    You should actually control the comments on this site.

    Balas

Tinggalkan Komentar

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *